Austin Periodontics 101: A Short Lesson on Periodontal Diseases

The gums play a very important role in keeping the teeth strong and healthy. These soft and fleshy tissues surrounding two-thirds of the teeth’s parts and running down the jaw bones basically cover and protect the link between the teeth and jaws. Without them, all teeth would probably have fallen apart easily, and nobody would be able to eat or even drink.

When these gingival tissues are infected, according to Austin TX experts, its initial symptom is bleeding. Such condition is more commonly known as gingivitis and is considered reversible with an improved oral hygiene.

However, if things get worse and the simple gingivitis is left untreated, even more severe problems will result—which will require expensive medication and antibiotics, or at the worst case scenario very costly and invasive surgical procedure.

These terrible periodontal diseases, the technical term for serious cases of gum problems, that everyone should be afraid of are periodontitis and its various forms.

Aggressive Periodontitis

The thing about periodontitis or any other gingival infection for that matter is the fact that it does not cause pain. People in Austin realize when it’s already too late that once the discomfort sets in, the bacterial growth is tremendously rapid such that in a matter of just hours the tooth could lose its attachment to the gums, unfortunately falling off eventually.

An aggressive periodontitis is characterized by the formation of the infamous gum pockets. These receptacles are created as the gingiva recede and detach from the teeth. Due to the detachment, spaces are formed between the tooth and gum, in which harmful microorganisms can further hide and multiply to completely destroy even the bones underneath.

Chronic Periodontitis

Meanwhile, the more typical form of periodontal disease to occur among patients in Texas is called chronic periodontitis. It has nearly the same symptoms as aggressive periodontitis, except that this one transpires in a slightly slower pace.

However, someone with chronic periodontitis is very much likely to lose this tooth, or worse teeth, anytime soon because of the inflammation of the gums and their eventual deterioration. The tooth will naturally dropout if waited a little longer, although this will pose even greater threat for the wellness of the entire oral cavity. It can be painfully extracted instead to prevent further dangerous infection of the mouth.

Systemic Periodontitis

Still, in some instances in the state of TX, periodontitis may be caused by an even more troublesome bodily sickness. It is possible to perceive a systemic periodontitis as rather a blessing in disguise because it could be the first sign of general disease that needs even greater attention from the patient and other specializing doctor.

Some of the typical conditions that basically have gum infection in their list of symptoms include diabetes, specific vitamin deficiency, immunosuppression, malnutrition, and heart disease.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

Although it is rarely the case in Austin Texas, a necrotizing periodontal disease may be the outcome of a quickly developing gingival problem that has not been addressed for a very long time. The destruction of the gums is so austere and fast that there’s no other approach to reverse the situation other than a dental surgery.

Top 5 Things You Didn’t Know About Endodontics

In Austin Texas, more than half of the population probably hasn’t heard of the different specializations that general dentists nowadays are taking. In fact, these specialties have been already around even before the death of the famous superstar, Marilyn Monroe. One of these specific fields of dental practice is endodontics.

Below are the five facts that you should know firsthand about the said discipline in dentistry and that you could well share with others, including your family and friends.

1) The term endodontics comes from the Greek words ‘endo’ and ‘odont.’

‘Endo’ means inner while ‘odont’ is defined as tooth. From the etymology of the word, endodontics simply refers to the study of the internal anatomy of the human tooth. So what’s inside the tooth, you might ask?

The tooth is comprised of layers, three to be exact, the first of which is the enamel—the outer surface that gives teeth their white color and glossy texture. Beneath this thick and hard coating of enamel is the dentin, which is made up of minerals just like the enamel and bones of the body. The dentin is significantly thinner because it houses the pulp chamber within—the very life of the tooth that contains both nerve and blood vessels.

This pulp chamber, along with all the tissues wrapped around it, is the primary concern of endodontic study in Austin TX.

2) Endodontic specialists are technically referred to as endodontists.

Endodontists are the dental experts who perform endodontic treatments. They have additional two to four years of study after obtaining their degree in general dentistry, in which they are trained and educated in properly diagnosing and immediately treating problems or diseases affecting the pulp tissues.

3) The fundamental endodontic procedure is the commonly known root canal treatment.

You probably haven’t heard of an endodontic procedure until your private doctor informs you that your terrible toothache is caused by a root infection, thus recommending you of the aforementioned treatment as early as possible.

The goal of every endodontist in Texas is to remove the diseased pulp tissues so that the rest of the tooth can remain intact to the oral cavity. This straightforward, non-invasive root canal treatmentis done by piercing through the enamel and dentin to access the pulp chamber. Using very small instruments, the infected tissues are drawn out, leaving a void in the area down to the root canal.

After the procedure, this cavity left in the pulp chamber is filled with a special filling called gutta-percha. The hole in the enamel and dentin are covered as well with prosthetics, typically in the form of dental crowns.

4) On the other hand, an endodontic surgery is more formally called in offices as apicoectomy.

Before a top specialist in Austin would perform a dental operation, he makes sure that he knows what to expect upon actual treatment. He may take x-rays or CT scans to check what the infection looks like and determine how to go about the planned procedure. In rare cases, if a simple root canal treatment will not do, an invasive surgery called apicoectomy will be performed to take out the contamination down from the root canal, and not just clear out the pulp chamber.

5) An endodontic retreatment is possible if the initial treatment failed and the subsequent surgery can still be shunned; it’s basically a matter of practicality, not just preference.

In other instances, the endodontic treatment can be done twice in a row, especially if the condition is not that serious. On the average, a retreatment is much better because of the low cost as well as the reduced overall pain.

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